Probably many of you are thinking about how cool is to have CNC plotter or 3D printer. There kits and ready printers available for reasonable price. But still they are pricy for hobby use. But nothing is lost you like to build stuff. Hobbyprojects.com posted his progress in building plotter where he wanted things to be cheap and simple. He’s build all part separately by finding simplest and cheapest solution to rising problems.
Some of his parts came from Epson printer. He also purchased used stepper motors from local junk store. The electronics part he built around PIC16F877 microcontroller. He built his own motor driver circuit out of discrete components, but it seems that results aren’t as good as it would be with specialized chips like Allegro A3984. Connection to PC was implemented via optocouplers. Several LEDs indicate each motor activity.
Usually resistor decade boxes are mechanical – a rotary switch comutates resistors while turning it around. But if you decide to build one, you may face problem by selecting this switch. They seems to be quite expensive and quite old fashioned. Stynus has been planing to build one of those, but mechanical switching handle didn’t look very attractive, so he decided to switch resistors electronically through microcontroller.
He ended up by building three PCBs where one is a control board carrying LCD, PIC 16F648A microcontroller, rotary encoder and push button. Other two boards are resistor boards – one for high value resistors and another for low value. Each resistor board caries 16 small relays that are controlled through shift registers. Then only annoying thing with electronically controlled resistor box is that you need a power supply for it where mechanical boxes are passive. But seeing resistor value on screen probably pays off.
There are many uses of countdown timer. It can be used for PCB development, in a kitchen or during workout. All you need that timer was easy to set up and start. Umetronics have build simple PIC16F886 based countdown timer with four bright 7-segment displays.
LED displays are driven using TLC5916 LED driver and couple dual P-channel MOSFETs. Time can be selected with rotary encoder which comes with button for select. When timer runs out there are two options for notifying – one is display flashing and another micro-switch selectable sound option along with green LED indicator. Sometimes sound might be annoying, so you can always turn it off. Timer is two AAA battery powered. So it is small portable timer for any use.
It is said: “There are 10 types of people in this world, those who understand binary and those who don’t”. If you choose understanding side, then you might want to wear binary wristwatch.
Building such watch is fairly simple and easy, because you only need few components and even simpler code. Elias watch is based on PIC microcontroller which comes in SSOP-20 package. With few difficulties on soldering it to small PCB he had it running. Watch is powered from coin cell battery CR2032. With smart software solution combined with sleep modes this watch can last long. But the main point of wearing this watch to be identified as nerd. I’m not suggesting to replicate this one, but build your own version.