I2C interface allows connecting multiple devices using two wires. This interface is very popular in sensors, memory chips and IO expanders. R-B designed compact breakout board where he placed MCP9802 temperature sensor and 24LC512 EEPROM.
Module is convenient to use as temperature sensor with ability to log values in to near by memory. So if you decide to unplug sensor – history of data goes with you. 512Kbit EEPROM gives enough space for storing data. Digital temperature sensor is capable of measuring temperatures from -55ºC to 125ºC. Prototyping board is designed so it could be easily plugged in to prototyping breadboard.